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2021湖南成考高起点英语指导:语法资料

时间:2020-11-16作者:湖南成考网

  一般现在时的被动语态:

  承受者+be{is/am/are +done(过去分词)by+执行者。

  E.g.:Many schools are built(done)every year in the city.

  note:{地点状语,时间状语一般都放在句末;in the city 特指其中be的使用取决于主语的单复形式。

  A lot of修饰可数和不可数名词;

  Many修饰可数名词;

  Mach修饰不可数名词。

  主动:They all read(原形)English every day.

  被动:English read (过去分词)by all of them every day.

  主动:Mother often scolds me.

  被动:I am often scolded by mother. 一般过去式的被动语态:

  承受者+be{was/were +done(过去分词)by+执行者(不明确可省略)。

  E.g.:主动:He repaired his bike yesterday.

  被动:His bike was repaired by him yesterday.

  主动:Children cleaned many streets last Sunday.

  被动:Many streets were cleaned by children last Sunday. 现在进行时的被动语态:

  承受者+be{is/am/are being(现在分词)done by+执行者(不明确可省略)。

  E.g. :主动:He is writing his composition.

  被动:His composition is being written by him.

  Note:write/wrote/wtitten

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